Publication: Briquet, Waite, Cox & Carmichael; 1896-1902, NP
8 1/4" x 10 1/4" olive-colored stiff boards containing 22 original photographs by photographers Briquet, Waite, and Cox & Carmichael. Photographs range in size from 4" x 5 1/2" - 5" x 7" and attached to heavy cardboard. Twenty of the photos measure 5" x 7." Briquet was a French pioneer of photography, particularly in Mexico. The date that he first began working in Mexico is uncertain, but what is certain is that Briquet received a commission in 1876 to photograph the construction of the Mexican National Railway being built between Veracruz and Mexico City. Briquet also turned his gaze to the inhabitants and surrounding cities. In 1885 he opened a photography studio in Mexico City in 1885, making him the first commercial photographer in Mexico. He gained the attention of President Porfirio Díaz and secured a number of commissions; however, following the Mexican Revolution of 1910 he no longer received any government contracts. Charles Waite was a California photographer who worked briefly in El Paso, Texas, before moving to Mexico in 1896. He opened a studio in Mexico City that remained in business until he left the country in 1913. His works were published in books, travel magazines, and on post cards. He also worked for several Mexican newspapers, and he documented United States scientific expeditions in Mexico. The images often included scenic Mexican images and the country's native residents. Very little is known of the American photographers Cox & Carmichael who were also active in Mexico at the end of the 19th century. What is known is that Percy Cox moved to Mexico City from San Diego in 1899 and was working as a photographer. In October of that year he was joined there in business by fellow San Diegan Ralph J. Carmichael where they set up a photography studio as Cox and Carmichael. Cox sold his interest in the studio in early 1902 and returned to the United States suffering from altitude sickness. The subjects of Cox & Carmichael generally included railroads, bridges, mines, and landscapes and were illustrated magazine articles and books, and were reproduced as postcards. "The photographs in this collection are albumen prints. Albumen paper was created in the mid-19th century. From 1855 through 1895, this type of paper was "the most widely used photographic printing material." Albumen paper was made by coating salted paper with albumen (egg whites). The paper was then "sensitized" by being floated in a silver nitrate solution. After the paper dried, it was placed in a frame with a wet collodion negative, and the image from the negative was printed onto the paper using diffused daylight. The paper image was then fixed onto the paper using sodium thiosulfate, and gold toning was applied to improve the color of the image and reduce fading. Sensitized paper tended to turn yellow after a few days. As a result, sensitization, printing, and processing were usually done on the same day, though adding citric acid to the silver nitrate solution could preserve the quality of albumen paper for several months. Photographers favored this printing technique because it produced images with significantly improved detail and contrast." In this rare album are the following photographs: No. 235 6 febrero 1896 A. Briquet, fot RURALES Estado de Mexico RURAL GUARDS; 948 Girl Carrying a Water Jar of Guadalupe Cox & Carmichael; No. 41 1 diciembre 1897 A. Briquet F. VENDEDOR DE JARROS TIPOS MEXICANOS JAR SELLER; No. 6 febrero 1896 A. Briquet, fot. TLACHIQUERO ESTADO DE MEXICO TLACHIQUERO Con su carga de Pulque Carring Pulque; Water Carrier - Aguador Cox & Carmichael; 817 Selling Beds Carmichael Photo; Group of men Cox & Carmichael; 724 Pottery market Guadalajara mex. Cox & Carmichael; Public Letter writer Cox & Carmichael Very rare, this photo always is signed by White; No. 45 Catedral y Plaza de Armas Place of Armery and Cathedral Propiedad Roige y Espluça. Rare. No. 328 es. 15 abril 1902 A. Briquet , fot. Ca stil lo de Chapultepec ALREDEDORES DE MEXICO Castle of Chapultepec; No. 107 (bis) 20 mars 1901 A. Briquet, fot. Vil la de Guadalupe ALREDEDORES DE MEXICO Guadalupe Village; No. 211 6 febrero 1896 A. Briquet, fot. Pabel lon morisco MEXICO The Morish Pavillion; No. 225 6 febrero 1896 A. Briquet, fot. Vil la de Guadalupe ALREDEDORES DE MEXICO Guadalupe Village; 350 mexico street scene Cox & Carmichael; No. 305 A.Briquet, fot. Barranca del chiquihuite ESTADO DE VERACRUZ Ravin Chiquihuite; No. 125 1 diciembre 1897 A.Briquet, fot. Arboles de Coco VERA-CRUZ Coco tree’s; No. 272 6 febrero 1896 A.Briquet, fot. Ranchería Estado de Vera -Cruz Ranch; 1000 M. C. & P. B. R. A View puente de Ixtla Waite Photo; 1627 Summer House in Mexico Waite Photo; View Cathedral Mexico Unknown; Group of women and children Grupo de mujeres y niños Unknown; and 5 1/2" x 4 1/4" Colored Photograph of a Peasant. Light foxing to pages and to some photographs. All images are clear and bright and almost all photos show locals. cover boards rubbed and worn. A very rare collection of original photographs.
Inventory Number: 45995